Ranch House: A single-storey building with many roofs on the west coast. There are many large windows and few walls inside and outside the house. The colors are white or blue with a lot of bright colors, and there is usually no basement. Split Level: A building with a room between the first and second floors. A three-story building in this way is called a trilevel. It features a large window. New England Colonial: Also called Cape Cod. It is simple to build, with one floor on the ground and half a room above it. Georgian House, Victoria House: Large and luxurious building. The Georgian house has a lot of two-story buildings. Victoria house has three-story buildings. They are all wood carvings, high ceilings or houses with fireplaces in the bedrooms.
The federal constitution of the United States does not have any education provisions, and all the powers of education are left to the state or less. The state’s involvement in education varies from state to state, and some places are relatively active, such as New York and California, and others are not. In the case of New York State, which is actively engaged in instruction within the state, it establishes a set of curriculum standards and conducts annual examinations accordingly, resulting in great impact on each local school board or school authority within the state. California also has a variety of influences, including textbooks and textbooks selected by the state and recommended for each province.Below the state is the Local School District, which currently has about 17,000 schools nationwide. There is a wide variety of schools, such as Hawaii, which has one state as a whole, and the state that has 1,350 local districts like Nebraska, and Illinois, as well as other schools that administer elementary and middle schools. Education in the United States is a principle of decentralization. As far as Korea is concerned, the local education council or schools at the end of the school formulate and implement all educational policies, and the state or federal government is financially or in a specific area. The educational system in the United States is characterized by a variety of elementary, middle, and high school courses.
The duration of compulsory education is left to the laws of each state and is not uniform. Previously, in most states, compulsory education was for 9 years from 7 to 16 years old. The age at which a child can enter elementary school was 6 years old. However, nowadays, there are many states set as 12 years from kindergarten (Kindergarten) to high school. However, kindergarten and high school seems to be accepting as compulsory education.
The American interdisciplinarity is the same as in Korea, with 13 years of courses ranging from kindergarten through elementary, middle and high school. However, there is a big difference in the name or content of the call. You may have seen much of what American education calls the Kindergarten (Kindergarten) and Grades 1 through 12 (K-12 system). In fact, Americans do not talk about compulsory education, that is, public education courses by elementary, middle, and high school, rather than the first, seventh, and eleventh grades. It is also called elementary school, middle school, and high school, and the middle and high school is expressed as a six-year secondary school at a time. The number of grades is usually divided into grades 1 to 5, or grades 1 to 6 in each school district, and junior highs are grades 6 to 8, or grades 7 to 8, and high school grades 9 to 12, four years. Private schools, however, do not follow these titles. It is an atmosphere that does not give much meaning to the interdisciplinary school of elementary, junior high, middle and high school. Some private schools are studying K-12 grades on a single campus, and the names of grades are lower school (K-3), middle school (4-6), intermediate school (7-8). Private schools are also divided into boarding schools, which run dormitory facilities, and day schools, which live nearby.
From 9th grade, it is called High School. In Korea, if you are in 3rd grade, it is a high school in America. The four-year high school course can be divided into two categories: College Preparatory Course and vocational education for students with post-graduate occupations. In general public schools, both courses are offered, There is also a Vocational (Technical) School for students who want to get free technical training for the students who want.
In the United States, the subjects they learn vary according to the student ‘s preference and ability. For example, in the case of mathematics, a student who shows excellent talent in mathematics in grade 12 can take the AP-Calculus (calculus in college courses), whereas a student who is not interested in mathematics in the class Algebra-II can be chosen. The selection of these subjects will depend on the university you wish to pursue and the major you want. If you check the subjects you are studying, it will be an important benchmark for setting up universities and majors that you will be able to know and choose for the next year.
If you come to the United States to immigrate or study in the United States. Or if you want to move to a different location in the United States, there will be a lot of worries about the number of schools in your area, how close you are to finding a school near your home, and how good the school you want to go to is. If this is the case, you should contact GreatSchools.net and find out more about the schools in your area. This site provides free information on public schools and private schools from kindergarten through high school, and shows the test scores of each school and the number of students per class. It is also possible to compare the curriculum, teacher level, race, and the level of other schools in the school, and it will be a good site for parents with students’ children.(How to find a school at GreatSchools.net)
American universities do not have entrance exams, but rather assess eligibility. Before you go to college, you must prepare for the Scholastic Aptitude Test (ACT), American College Testing Program (ACT), high school 3rd and 4th grade report cards, teacher and counselor recommendation letters, , Club activities), and by the end of December, when the first semester of the 12th grade ends with the above documents, you can accept the application form. For reference, US universities are required to check in advance because the deadline for submitting applications is different for each university.
It was established as a two-year college, aimed at vocational education for local residents. In recent years, however, we have been actively accepting foreign students and expanding quantitatively. We are currently operating a bachelor’s degree focusing on the transfer of students to a four-year university. In addition, tuition is as low as one-third of that of four-year universities, and students who intend to go to a four-year college are getting more popular.
It is a four-year university centered on the liberal arts such as humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and languages. So that they can study variously without limiting the field of study to a major so as to build a broad culture. The number of enrolled students is around 1,500, and they aim for thorough academic research and full-time education in a family-friendly atmosphere. Graduates are more likely to graduate.
There are more than 3,500 four-year universities in the United States. The academic year is similar to that of Korea, but the new school year begins in September, not in March. Undergraduate courses at the university are four years, but because they are recognized as credits, they may graduate in three or three years and six months depending on the effort, and may finish in five or six years. The majority of universities have graduate and doctoral degrees, and they are divided into state universities and private universities depending on whether they are supported by the state. In the case of state universities (public universities), the taxes paid by the residents make up the budget and operating expenses of the university, so students living in the state pay a relatively low tuition fee. This is called in-state tuition. In the case of private universities, there is no such difference in tuition fees, but the scholarship system operated by the school’s own fund is diverse and the quality of education is high. Eight universities, including Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania), Cullenbia, Cornell, Dartmouth and Brown, are known as “Ivy League” have. Here, MIT and West Stanford are called “Ivy Plus League”.
The army, the air force, the navy, the ocean, and the coast guard. All are four-year colleges and the federal government provides full tuition support. Instead, students must serve in the military for a certain period of time after graduation. Because it is a school that fosters military officers, it is only allowed to be admitted by a citizen, and it is usually recommended from the president, a federal legislator, etc. In order to enter the municipal school, Ivy League students should be equipped with the three skills of leadership and physical strength.
US graduate schools are largely classified as masters and doctoral programs. Depending on the department, generally you will need to take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) to enter graduate school. Students who want to study business administration, law, medicine, dentistry, pharmacology, etc. should be admitted to the professional school after completing their undergraduate, GMAT, LSAT, MCAT and DAT. A professional school is a business school, a law school, a medical school, a dental school, a drugstore, and so on.
The US Social Security system is divided into five categories: retirement, disability allowance, family allowance, dependents and Medicare. If a person with sufficient social security credits ceases to work, he / she pays a monthly living allowance and promises to stabilize his or her old age. Monthly payment varies according to past credits. The retirement age of a person born before 1938 is 65 years, the retirement age of a person born after 1960 is 67 years, the retirement age is gradually increasing, and the person who delays retirement is 70 years old You will receive a special credit each month.
People with enough social security credits can get Social Security benefits regardless of age if they are seriously ill with more than a year of serious physical or mental impairment or are sick to death. Generally, you are considered to be working when you earn more than $ 740 per month. The disability program is provided with continuing benefits and health insurance so that you can re-work normally through gradual rehabilitation.
Families are also eligible if they qualify for retirement or disability benefits. If your spouse is 62 years of age or older, under age 16, you are raising a child under the age of 16, unmarried child under 18 years of age, or 19 years of age if you are still enrolled in school, or 18 years of age or older, It is a family target.
If a worker earns enough social security credits at the time of death, the family can benefit. Qualified families are aged 60 or older (age 50 or older for physically handicapped) and are not age-restricted if they are parents who need to care for children under 16 years of age. It can also benefit unmarried children under the age of 18, children attending school under the age of 19, disabled children above the age of 18, and parents who have been supporting the parents. In addition, $ 255 is given to spouses or minors only once for special deaths, and a former spouse is eligible for a divorce.
Medicare consists of two parts: hospital insurance and health insurance. Generally, people over 65 years old are automatically entitled to Medicare if they are covered by Social Security. Also, people who are receiving a cripple payment for two years are eligible to join Medicare, others have to apply separately, and hospital insurance is covered as part of the social security tax that people are currently working on. It helps to pay for hospitalization costs and other medical expenses that require professional care. It is supplemented by monthly payments and regular reimbursement from people who have covered health insurance, which helps pay for medical care, outpatient visits, and other medical services and medical supplies.